Calculus – directed circle

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• #10477
Chris Clemens
Keymaster

This looks just like the Integral with superposed circle, and is modified with a C below it, BUT -- there is a small arrow on the circle (near the upper left part of the circle). The text introduces this "circle with an arrow" with "We put a directed circle -- on the last integral as a reminder that the integration around the closed curve C is to be in the counterclockwise direction. This is followed by a series of equations in whcih the final modified intrgral has the directed circle over it.

Not sure how the indicate this in braille.

Thanks -
Kathy SHawl

#20537
Chris Clemens
Keymaster

The integral sign is modified by superposition with a circle that itself is modified. According to sec. 110 of the Nemeth Code, when two or more signs of shape are combined to form a composite sign with a more detailed structure, the shape which is formed is called a shape with structural modification. The modification is indicated by a letter or combination of letters suggestive of the nature of the modification. The symbol representing the modification must be preceded by the structural shape-modification indicator [braille]. and followed by the termination indicator. [braille]] This combination must directly follow the symbol of basic shape which is being modified.

Following these directions, the basic shape in this instance is a circle [braille]\$c. The circle is modified by an arrowhead pointing in a counterclockwise direction (also called a directed circle). The letter suggestive of this modification might be the letter d for directed. Then your shape would be [braille]\$c.d] The Code requires that this symbol be explained in a tn with a description of the print sign.

If ever the circle is shown with a clockwise arrow, you would need two different shape symbols.

#20538
Chris Clemens
Keymaster

Thanks - really appreciate it!

#20536
Chris Clemens
Keymaster

So I would do that whole expression as the modification to the integral?

#20539
Chris Clemens
Keymaster

Yes -- the integral would be followed immediately by a dot 4 then the modified shape and a termination sign -- all on the same braille line.

Viewing 5 posts - 1 through 5 (of 5 total)

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