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    Here is the passage that I am having trouble with.
    He started to eat, but stopped when his eye caught the headline in the Times: “SENATOR O’SHEA SHOT BY UNKNOWN ASSAILANT.” He read on, his breakfast forgotten.
    I have italicized Times.
    My question is braille this newspaper headline that is in quotes? ("SENATOR O’SHEA SHOT BY UNKNOWN ASSAILANT") is written in all small capital letters.
    I have reviewed 15.1j and realize that I do not use italics, but because it is a newspaper headline – that would stand out in print – do I use just single caps for each word, or double caps, or only capitalize Senator and O’Shea?
    I have looked and looked, but cannot find something that addresses my situation.
    I appreciate your assistance.

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    Before I can answer your question appropriately, I need to know if this is for a manuscript submittal or not. If not, then I need to know what type of book this appears in. Would it be possible for you to upload a copy of the actual print page?


    OK, I'm trying again. I just tried to attach the page by using this form. I hope it comes through. If not, please send me an e-mail address I can use to send this attachment.
    Thank you.


    Thank you for uploading the print page.
    This seems as if it should have a simple answer, however before we can appropriately address this question, we need to make a determination about how this is being used.

    Is this book being transcribed
    • for a manuscript?
    • for a braille readers personal leisure reading?
    • as a class assignment?
    What set of guidelines have been used to transcribe the rest of the book? Once you’ve made the decision to use one or the other, you’ll need to use the same manual for the entire transcription.
    • Literary Lesson Manual 5th Edition
    • EBAE/2007 Updates
    • 2011 Format Guidelines

    The first thing to keep in mind is that print emphasis is used differently in a visual manner versus a tactile manner.

    5.1.7 A Braille Reader’s Perspective 2011 Format Guidelines
    Emphasis indicators in braille do not emphasize, i.e., they do not draw our attention to material. They simply indicate that the print shows emphasis. That is why we do not emphasize material in braille that is emphasized for decorative purposes. We also do not emphasize material such as a heading, when format serves the purpose of emphasis to the braille reader. We use braille emphasis indicators for two main reasons:
    a. To show the braille reader a situation in which emphasis is normally used in print. Foreign words are emphasized for this reason, as well as paragraph headings.
    b. To give the braille reader an accurate rendition of the print text in situations where the type of print emphasis (i.e., color, italics, bold, underlining, etc.) might be mentioned by
    the print reader. For example, a teacher might mention a blue box or a word in bold.
    For a certification manuscript
    Please refer to the following references
    And ask Jennifer Dunnum at NFB for a definite answer.

    5th Edition of the Literary Lesson Manual
    15.1h Words and phrases in both a special typeface and quotation marks. When in print a freestanding portion of a word, a whole word or phrase, or an entire passage is emphasized by being both in a different typeface and enclosed in quotation marks, in braille retain the quotation marks and ignore the special typeface.

    RULE II. 10.a.(1)
    (1) Italics must be used in braille if they are used in print only in the following instances:
    (b) To show distinction, only in such cases as:

    The names of ships, pictures, book titles, publications, etc.

    (2) Italics should be omitted in such instances as the following:
    Where quoted passages appear in both quotations and italics …

    For a book being read as a class assignment when the teacher may be making reference to exactly what is in print or if you already used other rules from the 2011 Format Guidelines such as print and braille page numbering please refer to the following references:

    2011 Format Guidelines
    5.1 Fundamentals
    5.1.5 It is not always necessary to indicate a “double” font attribute, such as bold italics or bold highlighting. The primary indicator, such as italics or highlighting, is often sufficient. The transcriber needs to decide if the double attribute is necessary while structuring the braille edition.
    5.2 Distinctive Typefaces and Font Attributes
    5.2.1a. Use italics to indicate small capitals.
    5.3 When Font Attributes May Be Ignored
    5.3.8 Ignore font attributes used to indicate quoted material enclosed in quotation marks. Note: There may be situations when it is better to retain emphasis for the quoted text, and it is the transcriber’s responsibility to evaluate each situation for readability and clarity.

    If this is being used for personal leisure reading then you as a transcriber will have to decide which way is best for the reader, as discussed in 2011 Format Guidelines section 5.1.5.

    I hope this helps a lttle and did not make things more confusing.
    If you need any further clarification, please let me know.


    Thank you. I meant to tell you this book is being transcribed for braille readers personal leisure reading.
    I have been using the Literary Lesson manual 5th Edition, but have also consulted the EBAE/2007 Updates. I appreciate the assistance you have given me and your time.
    I suppose my original take on this still stands. Again Thank You for your time & input.
    edited by omh847 on 6/24/2013


    This is still the title of an article so every word should be capitalized.


    Done. Thanks again.

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