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This was the suggestion I received. I do not know if it would cause a conflict with the music code.
I would not use the circumflex modifier over a number. I do believe it is intended only for letters. What you can use is the "hat over previous item" (dots 5, 156). This is discussed in the Guidelines for Technical Material, section 12. It is used with numbers and even with letters in a technical context. Unlike the accent/modifier signs, it is placed after the digit or letter.
Hope this helps!
The grade 1 indicator would only be required if the letter is standing alone. With the prime attached, they are no longer standing alone...so no, a grade 1 indicator would not be required.
Hi Cindi. Thanks for the reference to the parallelogram. As shown in Guidelines for Tech. Material, p. 65, the symbol for the parallelogram would be preceded by the shape indicator (1246). Still, dot 4 is a UEB prefix, and it really shouldn't be used in a non-UEB way in literary text.
Just to clarify, "scale degree" is a fundamental concept in music theory, but the caret and number are literary symbols, not music symbols.
I previously thought we could use the caret symbol (4)(26), but UEB (p. 24) refers us to Section 4.2, for a circumflex above a letter. The caret symbol seems to be reserved for indicating insertion of text.
Many of these numbers (all with the ^ above) often appear in hyphenated sequences, e.g., 4-2, 1-2-3-4, and even longer sequences. UEB modifiers cannot be doubled, and the grouping indicators (126)(345) also don't seem applicable. The two-cell symbol for the circumflex would need to precede each number.
Does the UEB circumflex (45)(146) mean anything else when followed by a plain, one-digit number?
A dot (4)(3456)(145) represents a parallelogram...so I don't think you could use (4)(3456) for the music issue. I am not a music transcriber so I'm afraid I don't have any other suggestions for you. I would suggest you contact the BANA music committee chair.
Thanks Cindi. It is literary; I'll specify next time.
I agree! Thank you, Cindi. I'll contact BANA.
To be honest, if I came across the examples in 11.3.4, I would do them in Nemeth. But 11.3.1, 11.3.2 and 11.3.3 could all apply to literary materials. As could 11.2, 11.4.2, 11.6 and 11.7. Does that help?
I should have known it was not that simple! Lol.
There is no such thing as a diacritic hyphen in UEB. According to UEB rules, you follow print for the symbol used between syllables.
The UEB primary and secondary stress marks are in Section 15.2 of the UEB codebook.
Cindi, Glad I asked. Thank you.
The BANA Formats committee is proposing using hyphens in diacritics regardless of the print symbol used. However, that is NOT yet approved. You could, in this instance, replace the bullets with a hyphen and have your TN state that. As long as you are clear to the reader what change you are making to the print.
Thank you Cindi.
The grade 1 indicator is required before the subscript indicator.
This is a book that is teaching braille -- the student is learning the actual braille sign for ch (dots 16). The heading for the page is simply (dots 16) which of course will read as "child" in this contracted environment. Another page heading is "his was were" which can be misread as "have just go" or perhaps as punctuation (although the Grade 1 indicator would be needed there, and 2356 now has no Grade 1 meaning) ... so I thought dot locators would be needed there as well. I think I'll go with dot locators for "use". Thanks for the conversation.
I do not know of any courses currently available. I do believe there are some in the works. I would suggest you contact AER or one of the universities that teach braille to teachers. I know the universities have begun to teach it, but I do not know what curriculum they are using. I asked around a bit and could not find out anything else more specific. I will continue to look into this and let you know if I hear of anything. I do know that Hadley School for the Blind has some free courses aimed at teaching UEB to braille readers...but I do not know if that curriculum is available to teachers.